Colombo is a busy and vibrant city with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins. it was made the capital of the island when Sri Lanka was ceded to the British Empire in 1815,and its status as capital was retained when the nation became independent in 1948.
Historically, Colombo is referred to the area around the Fort and Pettah Market which is famous for the variety of products available as well as the Khan Clock Tower, a local landmark. At present, it refers to the city limits of the Colombo Municipal Council.
More often, the name is used for the Conurbation known as Greater Colombo, which encompasses several Municipal councils including Kotte, Dehiwela and Colombo.
The largest and one of the busiest ports in Sri Lanka, the Colombo Harbor is located in this city. Colombo was established primarily as a port city during the colonial era, with an artificial harbor that has been expanded over the years. The Sri Lanka Navy maintains a naval base, SLNS Rangalla within the harbor.
The two World Trade Centre towers are the most recognized landmarks of the city. Even before the skyscrapers were built it was the Old Parliament Building that stood majestically in the Fort district with the Old Colombo Lighthouse situated close to it. Another important landmark of the city is the Independence Hall at Independence Square in Cinnamon Gardens.