Arugam Bay is situated on the Indian Ocean in the dry zone of Sri Lanka’s South-East coast. The bay is located 320 km due east of Colombo. It is a popular surfing and tourist destination. The area is also rich in bird life and wildlife in the widespread jungle areas, wetlands and lagoons nearby. It has its own specific climate with very little rain compared to the rest of the island. Though many of the buildings were destroyed in the 2004 tsunami but the area has managed a slow recovery.
The bay hosts a large fleet of fishing boats which operates off the beach. The nearby beaches are more esthetically pleasing and also have excellent waves. The nearby village of Pottuville is the center of commerce and transportation while tourist accommodations lie along the beach to the south of Pottuville Arugam Bay is also the gateway and the only road access to the Yala East National Park. The picturesque drive avoids the dusty town of PottuVille. There is excellent elephant viewing nearby, incl. on this mentioned jungle road and the surrounding lagoon, as well as two types of monkeys wandering around the area.